Many startups are interested in investing in SEO, even though they are not sure as to the effectiveness of it for other—similar—businesses.
We wanted to know more about SEO for startups and in we wanted to talk to someone that knows the in’s and out’s of search engines.
So, we interviewed Bernard Huang, Co-founder of Clearscope.io—an SEO tool that helps content teams drive more organic traffic through content.
His answers were eye-opening for us.
We are sure that this fine SEO reading will help you learn how to start with SEO.
Ready for the ultimate SEO coaching? Let’s dive right in!
Hey Bernard, first of all, we’d like to thank you for joining us and for finding the time to give us this interview.
We’d like to know a few things about your professional background as well as what you’ve been up to these days as a Co-Founder for the Content and SEO tool Clearscope.
Thank you for taking the time to host my interview at Growth Sandwich. I’ve always been fascinated with entrepreneurship my entire life.
Back in college, I played online poker professionally and made ~$120,000. One of my friends convinced me that it would be a great idea to invest the money into franchising a restaurant (Dickey’s BBQ Pit), so that’s exactly what I did while I was still in college.
Long story short, the restaurant went out of business in 13 months since I had no idea how to manage or communicate effectively.
Well, at the time I had trouble owning the fact that the mistakes that were made were largely due to my lack of skills and experience.
So I thought the problem was in doing a “brick & mortar” business and the right way to start up would be to move online.
I taught myself how to code and built a few websites before getting accepted into a startup accelerator (Betaspring).
Betaspring invested $20,000 in our fledgling startup and off we went building products. After two years, we ran out of money and momentum.
In hindsight, we weren’t focused enough on seeking out “product-market-fit.” As a matter of fact, we never seriously considered how any of the “products” we were building would make money (business model)… or how many people would be interested in buying our product (market).
At that point, I figured that instead of pointing fingers at other people or giving excuses on failure that my lack of experience was clearly the problem.
I decided that the best way to learn how startups are done is to move to San Francisco and join a name brand startup.
42Floors was a YCombinator (YC) startup that was backed by tons of notable investors, and they decided to hire me as their “growth hacker” (back in the day when that was still a cool term).
After experimenting with a wide variety of customer acquisition channels, we found that Search Engine Optimization (SEO) was our primary driver of growth. So I doubled down on learning SEO.
After working for 42Floors for 1.5 years, I decided it was time to get back into the startup trenches.
We launched the service in 2015 and quickly realized that there was no way in hell we were going to make enough money to support ourselves.
The main reasons this concept would never work are the same mistakes I made during my first startup at Betaspring:
- We had a business model that didn’t make much sense. We were operating as a 2-sided market (teacher & student) and taking a 10% cut of each paid coaching session. Most coaching sessions happened for ~$5 which meant our cut was $0.50 and afterward, the student and teacher would take the transaction off our platform (platform leakage).
- The “market” was mainly kids who wanted to get better at gaming. And kids have no money… which is okay for a tutoring service since parents are willing to pay. Even though competitive gaming is becoming a viable career, parents have a hard time stomaching paying to help their kids get better at playing games.
As our bank account was slowly running dry, we were getting quite a few requests for SEO consulting.
This came because the founding team at 42Floors kept getting requests via the YC community for SEO help and they kept referring me as someone folks should talk to.
We had to pay the bills somehow so we decided to “pivot” the company into an SEO agency called Mushi Labs.
Turning into an agency taught us what running an actual business meant. We had a market (companies seeking SEO help), a business model (charging per hour or by the engagement), and a product (our time and expertise).
Also, running Mushi Labs gave us exposure to many different kinds of companies (DoorDash, Compass, Teespring) in practical business contexts.
After working with dozens of companies on their SEO strategies and building a solid book of business, we decided it was time to revisit our original goal — to build a successful product company.
Clearscope was born out of our own internal system of analyzing competitive content to give recommendations for clients.
Funnily enough, getting Clearscope off the ground was quite difficult.
Out of all the clients we worked with as an agency, we could only convince one of them to try out Clearscope. And they cancelled their subscription after a few months.
I think there’s a big difference between folks who want to buy consulting services and folks that want to buy software-as-a-service (SaaS).
My current belief is because people who buy consulting services want someone to do the work, while people who buy SaaS are the ones doing the job.
Getting traction in the early days was a lot of reaching out to my existing network and asking for intros.
We were ecstatic getting 1-2 customers per month and focused heavily on helping those customers actually succeed with Clearscope.
Nowadays I’m proud to say that Clearscope has product-market-fit and serves hundreds of organizations like Adobe, Dropbox, and CreditKarma.
Here’s been Clearscope’s growth (since we started tracking it in 2017):
For this interview, we’ll use an imaginary analytics startup named wickedmetrics.io, which offers collection and segmentation data solutions to eCommerce businesses.
What is the first step that wickedmetrics.io should take, to craft their content strategy?
Step 1 – Verify that your competitors are investing in content
Before getting started with content or SEO, you need to understand whether or not a company should invest in content or SEO.
Good indicators that you can acquire customers via SEO are looking at whether your top competitors are driving organic traffic via their content strategies or whether you’ve found success via Google Adwords.
For example, if we look at KISSmetrics as a competitor to WickedMetrics we can see that content is working out really well for them:
If your competitors are driving much organic traffic and continuing to invest in content, then it’s a good sign that it’s valuable to their business. Which means it also will be valuable for your business.
Step 2 – Validate that search engine optimization is actually valuable for your business
Assuming you are confident that content will be a strong driver of customers for your business, the next step is to validate whether SEO is valuable for your business.
One of the biggest mistakes that we see companies make is deciding to invest in content that has a high likelihood of not producing results.
You can quickly validate whether content will drive customers for your business by using Google Ads and bidding on the topics or keywords you think will drive customers.
By bidding on these keywords on Google, you immediately can attribute search engine clicks to value.
For example, we can just bid on a target keyword like [track user behavior on the website]:
And assuming you set up conversion tracking, this immediately allows you to understand if you were to rank for this keyword organically how valuable it would be.
When should wickedmetrics.io expect to see the first results from their content and SEO efforts?
SEO is a classically misunderstood channel because Google’s algorithm is mostly a black box (no one really knows what’s going on).
And that’s where SEO gets a bad reputation because lots of services providers and products run around selling solutions that may or may not work (“snake oil”).
SEOs that tend to know what’s actually happening in SEO are the ones who run SEO experiments because they are validating and invalidating certain assumptions on this mysterious channel.
The fact that SEO is always changing as Google updates their algorithm means to stay relevant you have to continue this process at an ongoing basis.
To give you an understanding of timelines, let’s take a step back and walk through what appears to be happening when a piece of content is published on the internet.
1) Content is published WickedMetrics’ blog
WickedMetrics publishes a piece of content on the internet.
2) Google’s bot (Google-bot) crawls the content
If Google is to rank a piece of content, Google needs to find that the piece of content exists.
Most web pages are by default “crawlable,” but it usually needs to be “linked” from someplace for Google’s bot (Google-bot) to find the content.
3) Google uses natural language understanding (NLU) to figure out the range of keywords that a piece of content can deserve to rank for
Once Google-bot has found a new piece of content on the internet, Google uses NLU to understand what the piece of content is talking about.
Here’s an example of Google’s NLU in action for this paragraph of text:
4) Google “seeds” your content in their Search Engine Results Page (SERPs) based on two main factors
After Google understands what your content could deserve to rank for, it “seeds” your content in their results for the entire range of keywords.
“Seeding” is the process where Google gives your content an initial rank for the range of keywords your content is talking about depending on two factors (subject matter authority & content relevance).
1st Factor: Subject matter authority
Subject matter authority refers to Google’s perception of how authoritative your web property is on a particular subject.
Subject matter authority is generally evaluated based on two criteria: the strength of relevant backlinks and the strength of existing content.
1) The strength of relevant backlinks
As an example, say the NY Times publishes a piece of content on “How To Track User Data.”
The NY Times may have many backlinks, but they aren’t going to be that relevant given the following subcategories that the article is talking about (eg., Technology -> Tracking -> User Data -> SaaS).
So Google might choose to rank the NY Times’ article as position 12-25 for the range of keywords the article is talking about.
Because even though the NY Times is quite authoritative in general, it’s not that authoritative in the subcategories of “User Data” or “Tracking.”
If Wired.com published the same piece of content, Google likely “seeds” the content higher based on the perception that Wired has racked up more relevant backlinks in “Technology,” “Tracking,” “User Data,” and “SaaS.”
2) The strength of existing content
Google is using user engagement metrics to understand how engaging and relevant content is. That means that when someone clicks on a search result, Google is measuring the following:
- How long is someone staying on that content experience?
- Are they coming back to the SERPs? And what happens when they do? Are they clicking on the next result?
- If they clicked on the next result, how long did they spend on that content experience?
- Did they come back to the SERPs again?
- If they didn’t come back to the SERPs, then Google can conclude with some certainty that the searcher found what they were looking for (“conclude their search journey”)
Which means maybe result #2 should be served as result #1 in the future for the target keyword.
Since Google is using user engagement metrics to determine what search results deserve to be the top ranking spots, then Google can figure out the overall “content quality” that your website appears to be producing.
If on average, the content you produce engages Google’s searchers quite well, then you’ll increase Google’s willingness to rank your content in the search results faster.
2nd Factor: Content relevance
Google has its own understanding of what makes a subject matter comprehensive (“knowledge graph”):
Which means Google knows that if you publish a piece of content on “tracking user behavior” that you should mention concepts like “GDPR,” “cookies,” “consent,” and “analytics.” If the piece of content is missing those concepts, Google won’t be as willing to rank your content high in their SERPs.
Here’s a screenshot of the Google Search Console that demonstrates the seeding process:
We published a piece of content on one of our experimental websites (bakecalc.com) and Google used NLU to figure out that we could deserve to rank for the keyword [design packaging ideas].
Google then tried our piece of content in their SERPs as position 25 (green lines/dots) and gave the part of content a few impressions (red spikes).
No one clicked on the result at position 25, so Google keeps decreasing the position over time, still seeing if our content could rank for the keyword until Google gives up on ranking our content because no one is clicking on our content.
Which finally brings us to answering the initial question–”When should wickedmetrics.io expect to see the first results from their content and SEO efforts?”
Since WickedMetrics.io is just starting out, the website will have very little “subject matter authority” that’s been built up.
So Google’s willingness to seed content that’s published on WickedMetrics will be quite low (e.g., rank 90-150).
We’ve generally observed that to get results from a new domain, the timeline to ranking on the first page is usually 12-18 months.
But, you can greatly influence the timeline by investing in building relevant backlinks, producing highly relevant content, and/ or being in an industry that’s not too competitive in organic search.
In your opinion, what the future of content marketing and SEO might look like and what startup businesses should do to keep up with the changes?
Content is king. As long as you’re always thinking about how to create the highest quality and most relevant content for searchers, you’ll be on top of the game.
At the end of the day, Google is becoming better and better at achieving its original mission:
“[Google’s] goal is always to provide you with the most useful and relevant information.”
A great guideline of thinking about what high-quality content means, can be found by reading the Google Search Quality Guideline’s, which are published here:
Content quality & relevance is everything.
If your content isn’t helping the searcher find the answers to their problems, chances are it’s not going to rank on Google.
Modern SEO tools like Clearscope are designed to help you understand what concepts are related to a given topic.
For example, here’s an analysis of a piece of content for the target topic [track user behavior on the website]:
Clearscope has analyzed top ranking content on “tracking user behavior” and given a list of recommendations you can see on the right-hand side that says you probably need to talk about:
- User behavior
- User experience
- Google analytics
- Website visitors
- Bounce rate
Optimizely has used this approach to improve content quality on their blog posts and increase traffic by 52% in less than one month.
Keeping the content you’ve already published relevant.
The concept of refreshing existing content is an emerging best practice as society evolves, so do topics and keywords.
If you run a credit card reviews website, you need to make sure that every time a bank issues a credit card that you review it and add it into your “best credit cards” article if it makes sense.
Also, what [bitcoin] meant when it first came out in the mid-2010s is radically different from what [bitcoin] meant five years ago and today.
Keeping content relevant and fresh is much work but instead of thinking about content as “we need to produce ten pieces per month,” think about whether you can go back to existing content and improve/ enhance it.
Organizing the content you’re producing better.
Google is getting much smarter about measuring user engagement signals. That means if you can design a content experience that’s better than your competitor’s content, you will win.
Healthline does a great job with the content organization by adding an “above the fold” table of contents that allows users to self-select their intent. For example, say you told me to check out the “keto diet” because I have Type 2 Diabetes.
I google [keto diet], click on the first result (currently Healthline) and here’s what I see:
Which means I’m able to select “diabetes” as my intent and jump straight to that section within the article. This probably increases my engagement with this content experience since I’m reading the section that’s directly relevant to me.
The other added benefit is that Google is deep linking searcher’s straight to specific subsections inside content.
For example, a search for [passive income real estate] yields 3 of the 4 top results with <meta descriptions> that directly link the user to the specific section inside the article:
Forget about all the other stuff associated with SEO.
Gaming Google with building backlinks is getting tougher and tougher.
Google probably invests millions of dollars in keeping and enhancing its algorithm… and that’s not to mention their massive team of search quality evaluators who are manually going through websites to ensure that content is expertise-driven, authoritative, and trustworthy (EAT).